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  • 主頁 > 健康教育 >

    高血壓病

    時間:2014-08-12 15:10 點擊:

     

     (中醫屬眩暈、頭痛等范疇)
     
    1. 高血壓最新標準時成年人收縮壓≥140mmHg或舒張壓—>90mmHg為高血壓。
    2. 根據臨床體征高血壓病分為三期:Ⅰ期無心腦腎損害;Ⅱ期有心腎損害;Ⅲ期有腦出血、腦缺血、心力衰竭、腎功能衰竭等嚴重并發癥。
    3. 高血壓病臨床表現以頭痛(脹)眩暈、高壓升高為主。
    4. 爭取盡早判斷病人病情,及時治療。
    【預防與保健】
     
    1. 膳食方面;低鹽清淡(食鹽每天控制在6克以下),食物以低脂肪、低膽固醇和適量蛋白為主,如:豆漿、豆腐、牛奶、雞蛋、魚、蝦、瘦肉等,還需要吃含維生素的蔬菜水果,如洋蔥、芹菜、薺菜、綠豆、冬瓜、紫菜、蘋果等。 還可以服用一些有效的單方草藥,如野菊花、枸杞子、天麻、山楂、桑寄生、草決明、黃芩、雙鉤藤、葛根等藥,都有一定的降壓作用,且沒有什么副作用。另外可以根據個人飲食習慣食用糖醋大蒜頭、牡蠣香菇湯、玉米須茶、芹菜鮮汁茶、陳皮山楂烏龍茶、白菊花茶等。戒煙限酒,及辛辣,限高梁厚昧之品,保持大便通暢,養成良好的排便習慣,排便時下蹲和起立時誤過猛過快,最好用坐式馬桶。
    2. 起居方面:生活有規律,避免過度精神緊張,注意勞逸結合,保證充足睡眠,避寒冷刺激,尤其冬三月。晚飯后不宜飲用濃茶和咖啡。
    3. 運動方面:可進行些力所能及的體育鍛煉,如打太極拳及散步:每周五次,每次30分鐘。氣功一般以靜功為主,適當功如送靜功、放松功等。
    4. 心理方面:保持良好的心境,情緒要穩定、愉快、平和、開朗、切忌發怒、急躁而導致病情加重。可鼓勵病人參與娛樂康復活動如林園、釣魚、書畫、彈琴賞月等活動,保持心情舒暢,精神愉快。
    5. 定期進行血壓測量,遵醫囑按時服用降壓藥,獲得降壓效果后,不要停藥,使用維持量。
    6. 如出現劇烈頭痛、頭暈、惡心、嘔吐、胸悶及心前區痛癥狀及時就醫。

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